15 Dec 2005

Prestigious school not always the wisest choice

Dr Lee Wei Ling
Dec 5, 2005

I REFER to the article 'Help our less privileged kids to dream big, aim high' (ST, Dec 2).

Ms Laurel Teo worries that an academically outstanding student like Hamizah Nordin may limit her potential by not aiming for an elite school like Raffles Girls' School (RGS).

She speculates whether students from a less privileged background may not be aware of better opportunities in elite schools.

I beg to differ. I am glad Hamizah chose her friendly neighbourhood school. If her PSLE result is not a fluke, she will do well whatever school she chooses.

More important, she will have her feet kept firmly on the ground by mixing and studying with students who are not all academic high-flyers.

Our meritocratic system, and the fact that academic intelligence (some would call it IQ) is to a large extent genetically determined, has already allowed the cream to float to the top.

The vast majority of children from elite schools have parents who are professionals or wealthy businessmen. They mix among themselves without knowing there is a large section of society leading a different way of life, and often there is an element of snobbishness in making it to an elite school.

In the 1960s, the Nanyang primary and secondary schools I attended had a totally different student population from today. Many of my classmates came from the surrounding kampungs. Nanyang was anything but an elite school. Those of us who were stronger academically were tasked to tutor the weaker students. An experience that was valuable to both groups.

Today, Nanyang Primary is a highly desirable school to get into. Parents who can afford it, buy houses within the 1km radius to get priority for admission to Nanyang Primary. After entering, they mix with other children from upper middle class families who usually also do well academically.

Those who find difficulty coping academically are advised to get tuition, and when despite tuition, they cannot do as well as their peers, they develop psychological problems, especially low self-esteem and thinking themselves stupid when they are of average intelligence.

I benefited from the old Nanyang of the 1960s from mixing with children from all walks of life and all degrees of academic ability. I learnt there is more to a person than his academic performance.

After O levels, I moved to Raffles Institution not because it was an elite school. On the contrary, I chose Raffles because National Junior College (NJC) was at that time not only the elite school but also the favourite school of the Ministry of Education. I did not want the unfair advantage accorded to NJC in terms of facilities and teachers.

I left Nanyang not because its pre-university was not among the elite but because I wanted to do medicine and needed to study science subjects from textbooks written in English.

Again in the Raffles Institution of my day, students came from all walks of life. Many of my friends lived in HDB flats and took the bus to school. Again, I learnt about the real world in the Singapore of the early 1970s through my friends.

I did the medicine combination: biology, chemistry, physics and economics. Except for physics where I had an exceptionally enthusiastic teacher, I tackled the other subjects by self-study.

Often, right in front of the biology, chemistry or economics teacher's nose, I would be reading something else. Yet I topped Singapore in my A-level results for science students.

I say this not to boast but to prove the point that an academically capable student who knows the importance of self-study will do well academically in any school, elite or otherwise.

I did not aim for Cambridge, Oxford or Harvard. I am proud to say I graduated from the then University of Singapore. That I do not have a degree from a prestigious foreign university is not why I have not been as successful in conventional terms as my two brothers who both went to Cambridge.

I write this rambling account of my student life to show that going to a prestigious educational institution just because it is prestigious is not always the wisest choice.

I learnt more valuable lessons such as empathy for the less academically inclined, that there were other aspects of the human mind such as integrity, honesty, courage, generosity and compassion that are just as if not more important than academic ability.

At each stage where a decision about which educational institution to choose had to be made, I knew and had all my options. But I did not dream bigger or aim higher (or more accurately, I did not follow what the elite students of my cohort did), not because I was not aware of the other options but because being considered 'elite' was not important to me.

I wish Hamizah the best. Ten years from now, I am sure, barring any change in her character, she will do well even though she did not choose RGS.


I wonder if Dr Lee is aware that elitism has been created not only in Singapore education arena but also in the civil service and politic scene.

Singapore government officials and ministers are now mainly academic aces who are unable to understand the real world the majority of Singaporeans live in. They didn't understand why Singaporeans complained so much over what they considered as negligible increases in GST and transport fares. They also didn't understand that $600,000 is not an ordinary peanut to most Singaporeans who are earning less than $24,000 p.a.

15 comments:

akikonomu said...

http://akikonomu.blogspot.com/2005/12/daughter-of-papalee-sister-of-minilee.html

Dr Lee Wei Ling's letter shows that that credulity towards crackpot theories is indeed hereditary.

On the heritability of IQ, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis (2002) report in The Inheritance of Inequality that "The value cannot be higher than 1, and most recent estimates are substantially lower, possibly more like a half or less."

Hardly evidence to suggest that "academic intelligence... is to a large extent genetically determined".

mister k said...

Hi locky2ky,

I agree with you that those academic aces are too out of touch with the people. With Elitism, things are taken for granted. What is bestowed upon them with a mere snap of fingers is what the average citizen takes hours of toiling to obtain. The peanut statement says it all.

There is also this social branding. "I'm from RGS," gets more attention and acclaim compared to "I'm from Toa Payoh Primary School". It's like Tag Heuer vs Casio.

Agagooga said...

I would say 40% is still a large extent. Statistically, it's hard to find independent variables which account for >=50% of variation in a dependent variable (from what I know).

pleinelune said...

While I cannot condone blind elitism, it makes sense in the fact that students are better off studying with their intellectual peers. Put an intelligent, hardworking, child in a school consisting of not-so-bright children, and you can be sure she suffers. Not so much her studies , but being taunted/outcast by her peers for being a "geek". Sounds cliche, but it is so very true in the world of education. I rather not put a child through that, but send her to a school where she is surrounded and stimulated by her intellectual peers, and would feel challenged to do better.

But of course, this can backfire: students in top schools are often under intense pressure.

pantalaimon said...

I posted about this a while back...

akikonomu said...

agagooga, the figure that Bowles and Gintis refer to is not the correlation between genes and IQ, but rather, "the standard deviation difference in genotype is associated with a fraction h of a standard deviation difference in IQ. h^2 is the heritability of IQ."

Anonymous said...

Anyone from any background can get into the so-called elite schools. Just study hard for the PSLE. And indeed there are plenty of children living in HDB estates going to the top schools. Based on my experience as a tutor, it isn't tuition that helps kids do well, so it's not accurate to say that only the well to do kids have a chance. The ones who get into top schools have always been the children who read lots of English story books. And the government has done its part by encouraging teachers and parents to use proper English when speaking to kids, as well as building a lot of libraries to promote reading.

If stubborn people refuse to speak properly and their children are unable to learn the rules of the language early, it's really their own fault.

Anonymous said...

This is funny because this article posted precisely argues for a broader and inclusive view of education beyond brand name schools. The comments posted by locky2ky seemed tangential at best.

Many of the folks who manage this country come from fairly humble backgrounds. It is such a great leap to say folks who used to do well in school don't understand day to day living. I really cannot understand the inference this blogger is taking.

locky2ky said...

akikonomu, i somehow find the inclusion of "academic intelligence .... to a large extent genetically determined" in Dr Lee's letter to be rather irrelevant.

mister k, "Tag Heuer vs Casio" .... haha, what a cute analogy!

anonymous, the elitism in Singapore civil service and cabinet isn't so much based on family background but more on academic results, like must be all As and not Cs like Chiam See Tong's.

The out-of-this-world salary these leaders get also make it very difficult for them to empathise with the majority of the working class Singaporeans. Weren't the hikes in GST and transport fares when many Singaporeans were grappling with unemployment proof of the disconnection?

Anonymous said...

Akikonomu, it was very wise of you to disable anonymous comments in your blog the moment I started criticising your views on the IQ heritability and "The Bell Curve". That will certainly elevate the discussion to stratospheric levels of impartiality. "Think critically" my a$$. So nice to have the last word, eh? I wanted to post some more interesting info, but you seem to be comfortable and content living in your ideological cocoon.

Anonymous said...

Just pay a visit to ACS. Period

akikonomu said...

Mr Anonymous, I believe the issue is a matter of statistics and methodology. You are free to believe it all boils down to ideology, of course. And since you're quite unwilling to discuss the issue on this blog, why bother to discuss it on mine?

Anonymous said...

Akikonomu, I saw your blog first and decided it'd be better to post my comments there. I didn't know you have a those-who-say-what-I-don't-like-can-bugger-off policy in your blog, otherwise I wouldn't have bothered even to start this discussion. You can believe whatever you choose to, but I doubt you can understand the statistics behind the controversy (you also seem to have difficulty understanding what "phenotype" means but never mind that for now). I tried to provide arguments from the other side in the debate but you apparently decided that your blog is not the place for them to be rehearsed. Lee Wei Ling never mentions the more controversial claims about the link between IQ and race, although you accuse her of supporting such theories in your blog. There is nothing partucularly remarkable about her letter - she is simply against an overconcentration of students of exceptional ability in few elite schools. But if Lee Kuan Yew's daughter says that 2+2=4, let's argue that 2+2=5354364, innit?

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